About laparoscopic or minimally invasive surgery
Laparoscopic surgery is a minimally invasive technique used in a wide variety of general surgeries, including bariatric surgery. Many bariatric surgeons have received the necessary training to perform laparoscopic bariatric surgeries and offer patients this less invasive surgical option.
When a laparoscopic operation is performed, a small video camera is inserted into the abdomen. The surgeon views the procedure on a separate video monitor. Most laparoscopic surgeons believe this offers better visualization and access to key anatomical structures.
The camera and surgical instruments are inserted through small incisions made in the abdominal wall (see Figure 1). This approach is considered less invasive because it replaces the need for one long incision to open the abdomen (see Figure 2). Benefits, as compared with open surgery, may include a marked decrease in surgery-related discomfort, reduced time in hospital and hospital costs, and an earlier return to a full, productive lifestyle.
Laparoscopic procedures for bariatric surgery use the same principles as open surgery and produce similar excess weight loss results however, not all patients are candidates for this approach.
The American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery recommends that laparoscopic bariatric surgery should
only be performed by surgeons who are experienced in both laparoscopic and open bariatric procedures.